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The Cihuateteo and the Ahuiateteo

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#1 teopiltzin


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Posted 27 April 2010 - 09:54 AM

In ancient aztec myth, there are certain minor deities or spirits that visit us in the real world on particular days in the Cholq'ij calendar. First, the Cihuateteo who are believed to be the souls of deified mortal women who died in childbirth. They were said to cause sicknesses and tempt men to sexual misconduct. There is a brighter side to them for in aztec culture women who died in child birth were revered as warriors on par with any male warrior that has died in battle. They were worshipped as ancestors in the Cihuateocalli built at a crossroads. They are known as the goddesses of the crossroads. The days on which they were to descend to earth are 1-Manik, 1-Cauac, 1-Chuen, 1-Akbal, and 1-Men. They were associated with the five trecenas of the West.

There are another set of minor gods who were called the Ahuiateteo or Macuiltonaleque. These were five gods of pleasure and excess, and dangers resulting from that. They were representative of the dangers and reprecussions of excessive pleasure associated with drinking, gambling, and sex. They were to cast their influence on the days 5-Kan, 5-Cib, 5-Lamat, 5-Ahau, and 5-Eb. The leader of these set of gods was 5-Ahau, which was the god of gambling and games, chief of the Ahuiateteo, who is closely associated with the god Xochipilli. They were associated with the five trecenas of the South.

Edited by teopiltzin, 28 April 2010 - 12:36 PM.

#2 Lillith_Star


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Posted 28 February 2016 - 03:47 AM

Cihuateteo, I love them and you forgot, their counterparts; Tzitzimime. I am a huge Itzpapalotl (Cihuacoatl) fan and I consider her my favorite goddess. (Though she does not like men it seems, which reflects with the cihuateteo and tzitzimime who are all female.)

I have not worked with the ahuiateteo. Xochiquetzal was the closest I came to it. But I am more fond of Tezcatlipoca, who is not an ahuiateteo but is associated with vice, and Tlalzolteotl.

Edited by Lillith_Star, 28 February 2016 - 03:48 AM.

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