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Native American Words and Definitions


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#1 Appalachian Crone

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Posted 28 September 2006 - 03:58 PM

I will be posting these a section at a time. I am doing them all in word, typing them myself and trying to research each one to make sure the information is accurate. I do make mistakes, so if you spot a typo or information that is not accurate, please inform me in PM right away.

I am trying to do these alphabetically and it may take some time. However, once complete, it may be a good resource. There is a limit on character amount for each post. Therefore I may have to break some sections up into several posts. Again....please be patient, going from A to Z will take me some time.

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#2 Appalachian Crone

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Posted 28 September 2006 - 04:08 PM

Aatsosni – One of the clans of the Navajo, its name means “narrow gorge�

Ababco – A tribe (or sub tribe) of the Alogonquian Indians. Known to have been in Maryland. Believed that in 1837 there were only a few members of the tribe left and all of those were of mixed blood.

Abihka – A Creek town believed to be along the upper part of the Coosa River in Alabama

Abikudshi – An early Creek town on the bank of the Tallahatchee Creek near the Coosa River in Alabama.

Abnaki – An Algonquian tribe.


Accoondews – Powhatan for large blueberries

Achougoula – From Choctaw “ashunga� meaning pipe. Known as the pipe people.

Actinea – A plant used by the Navajo for making a light greenish yellow dye

Adario – A Tionontate chief, known also as Sastaretsi and “Rat�. He made a treaty with the French to attack the Iroquois in 1688.

Adirondack – A Mohawk term meaning “they eat trees�. This refers to their habit of eating the bark of threes when there was lack of food.

Adobe – A type of sun dried brick made of mud and straw. The brick was generally 18 inches long and 5-8 inches wide. Early adobe bricks were made round and were mixed with burned brush and sticks. They were stuck together with a mixture of adobe mud.

Adoeette – A Kiowa chief, also known as “Big Tree�. Lived in southwestern part of Oklahoma.

Adzes – A woodworking tool. Made of stone, but was also made sometimes of bone, shell or copper. Used to scrape charred wood. It was not a sharp tool.

Aegakotcheising – A village of the Ottawa, in Michigan.

Afsinimins – Powhatan word for walnut

Ahapopka – An old Seminole town near the head of the Ocklawaha River in north central Florida. The name referred to the “Bog Potato�

Ahone – The word used for “God� by the Powhatan Indians of Virginia

Ahpewk – Virginia Indian word for feathers

Ahqwohhooc – The word for drum in the Virginia Indian Language

Akonye – A band of Apache of the San Carlos and Ft. Apache agency in Arizona. The name means “the people of the canyon�

Alawahku – This is the elk clan of the Pecos Indians of New Mexico

Algonkian – A term used to describe the rocks found in the region of Lake Superior

Algonkin – This term was applied to a small Algonquian tribe known as the Weskarini. They lived along the Ottawa River, east of the present city of Ottawa, Canada.

Algonquian – A linguistic stock. The name is from the Algonkin tribe.

Alki – A word found on the official seal of the state of Washington. This is a word from the Chinook Indian dialect, meaning “into the future�

Allegheny – An Iroquois reservation un the jurisdiction of the state of New York

Allu – The Antelope clan of the Pecos tribe, found in New Mexico

Alsea – A Yakonan or Chinookan tribe living alone the Alsea River in Oregon

Alum – Raw alum was used as a mordant by the Navajo Indians during the dyeing process

American Horse – An Oglala Sioux chief who fought with Sitting Bull on the Sioux war. He was killed in 1875.

Amkonnmg – A Powhatan Indian word for the poisonous blossom of the black cherry

Amofens – A Powhatan word for daughter

Amonsoquath – Powhatan word for bear, used by the Indians of Virginia

Ampkone – Powhatan word for frying pan

Amu – The “Ant Clan� of the Pecos tribe of New Mexico

Anadarko – A tribe of Caddo Indians living on the Trinity and Brazos Rivers in Texas

Anafkimmens – Powhatan for acorn

Anath – Powhatan for farewell

Andesite – a rock found mainly in the west. Light grey to black, found in and around volcanos. Used for making utensils and other implements

Aomatau – Powhatan for boat

Apache – The Apache are divided into many groups or clans. Their names were taken from natural features and never from animals. They were a rather nomadic people and always on the move. They had leaders such as Cochise, Geronimo, Victorio and Nana.

Apache del Perrillo – A band of Apaches located near the Rio Grande in southern New Mexico.

Apoanocanosutck – Virgina Indian term for bread

Apokan – Powhatan for tobacco pipe

Apones – Powhatan word for bread

Apooke – The Powhatan Indians of Virginia used this word for tobacco

Aposoum – Powhatan for opossum

Aragaritka – Name given by the Iroquois tribes to the Huron and Tionontati who were driven out of the area between Lake Huron and Lake Erie.

Arapaho – A Plains Tribe of the Algonquian family. They divided themselves into about five devisions: Northern Arapaho, Southern Arapaho, Atsina (Gros Ventres), The wood lodge people (or big pole people) and the rock men.

Arikara – A plains tribe that split off from the Pawnee in northern Nebraska

Asapan – Powhatan for hasty pudding

Ashkanena – Band of Crow Indians meaning “Blackfoot Lodges�

Asomoches – A group of Delaware Indians

Aspinet – Leader of the Nauset. Died around 1623

Asqweowan – Powhatan for arrow

Assahampehooke – Powhatan term for lobster

Assimoest – Powhatans of Virginia term for fox

Assiniboin – A large Siouan tribe. They lived in the general area of Lake Superior, Lake Winnipeg and the Lake of the Woods. They were also found along the Missouri and west to the Rockies. They fought with the Dakotas. Bison was used as the main part of their diet and they spent a great deal of time making pemmican.

Assuti – A band of Nez Perce’. They lived on the Assuti River in Idaho. They joined with Chief Joseph in the Nez Perce’ war of 1877

Assuweska – A village of Powhatan confederacy located on the Rappahannock Rover in 1608

Athabasca – The tribe regarded as Chipewyan, a northern Athapascan tribe. The name generally means “grass and reeds here and there�

Atlatl – A device used in the aid of throwing a spear. It is a short stick with a notch or cup on one end in which the spear end is placed. The atlatl gives the thrower added leverage.

Arsina – Branch of the Arapaho. Known as the “white clay people�, “gut people�, “beggars�, “spongers�, “belly people�. They were placed on the Fort Belknap reservation

Attomoys – Powhatan for dog

Attucks – Part Indian and part negro. A well known leader who was the first person killed in the Boston Massacre of March 5, 1770.

Aucutgagwafsun – Virginia Indian word for copper kettle

Auhtab – Powhatan for bow (as in bow and arrow)

Auppes – Powhatan for bow string

Avavares – Tribe that was visited by Cabeza de Vaca in 1527 to 1534. A possible Caddoan group, living in Texas.

Avoyelles – Meaning “the vipers� this tribe was located near the Red River in Louisiana. They lived in villages. Very little is known of their beliefs and ceremonies.

Awani – A tribe living in the Yosemite Valley in California. There were nine villages in this valley

Awatobi – A pueblo of the Hopi on a mesa about nine miles southwest of Walpi in northeastern Arizona

Ayanabi – A neutral town of the Choctaw on the Yunnubbee creek in Mississippi. It was here the Creeks and Choctaws met to make peace in the early 18th century

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#3 Appalachian Crone

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Posted 28 September 2006 - 10:53 PM

Backhook – A small tribe living along the Pee Dee River in South Carolina. The Hook tribe lived around 1700 and were foes of the Santee tribes of the Carolinas.

Bacuvia – An early settlement in the area known as Apalachee, Florida, known about the early part of 1700

Badwisha – A tribe of the Mariposa of California. They lived near the Wichamni

Bagiopa – Meaning “People� is of a possible Piman origin. The tribe was located along the Colorado Rover and probably belonged to a Shoshone group

Baguiburisac – Tribe located on the Colorado River in Arizone near the Gila and Williams fork. They lived in houses that were low, with a wood roof which was covered with dirt.

Bakihon – A band of Upper Yanktonai Sioux. The name means “gash themselves with knives�

Baking Stone – A rectangular stone, rarely over a foot long and about an inch thick. Usually made of soapstone. It has a hole in the center of one end. The hole was used to move it out of the fire and possibly into a pot to boil liquids. It was mainly used in Southern California. Flat stones were also used by the Pueblos to bake their bread.

Bannock – A Shonshonean Tribe who lived in southern Idaho and western Wyoming.

Batawat – A tribe of the Wishosk who lived in the area of the mouth of the Mad River in northwest California

Batni – A sacred location used for special offerings by the Snake People of the Hopi Tribe. Also the name given to a gourd container in which sacred water was carried for ceremonies.

Bayogoula – A tribe of the Muskhogean who loved several miles from the mouth of the Mississippi River. It is a Choctaw word meaning the “Bayou people�. In 1706 most of the tribe was killed in a battle with the Tonica. In 1721 the rest of the tribe was killed by smallpox

Beaver Island Indians – A trine of the Chippewa formerly living on the Beaver Islands in Michigan

Bee Plant – The Rocky Mountain Bee Plant has long been used as a food and as a plant from which dye is made by the Navajo Indians

Bellacoola – A group of northwest coast Salish tribes who loved along the Bellacoola River and in British Columbia

Beothuk – A name given to the Indians of the Newfoundland area, meaning “Indian� or “red Indian�. Given this name by Europeans because they painted themselves with red clay continually.

Big Bear – A Cherokee Chief

Big Bill – A chief of the Paiute.

Big Canoe – A chief of the Kalispel. Born in 1799 and died on the Flathead reservation in Montana in 1882

Big Foot – In 1890, Big Foot and a tribe of Hunkpapa Sioux were captured at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota and all but a few were wiped out by American Troops. There were about three hundred in the band at the time, including men, women and children

Big Island – A Cherokee town situated on the Little Tennessee River near Tellico River in Monroe County, Tennessee

Big Jim – Born in Texas in 1834, he was a full blood Shawnee and was the grandson of Tecumseh. He and members of the tribe went to Mexico to be free. He caught Smallpox and died in 1900. He had one son named Tonomo who was born in 1875

Bird Stones – These stones were found in the Ohio area. They are carefully shaped stones and resemble the shape of a bird. Their exact use is not known. It is possible they were used in ceremony or used by women in connection with marriage and pregnancy

Birdtown – The town of Birdtown, North Carolina, was formally an Indian Village

Bissasha – A Choctaw town in Newton County, Georgia, the name means “the blackberries are ripe there�

Bithahotshi – Navajo word for “the red place� that is a mesa near Holbrook, Arizona

Bitterball - A sacred plant to the Navajo which was also used as a medicine. The plant was also used for making green dye

Black Beaver – A valued scout and guide, he was also an interpreter between the whites and Kiowa, Comanche and Wichita tribes. He died in 1880

Blackbird Village – A village of the Chippewa, located in Saginaw County, Michigan

Black Drink – A drink made by the Catawba Indians of South Carolina. ALos known as Carolina Tea, made from leaves of the Ilex cassine. The tea was a purgative and diuretic. The plant contains caffeine similar to tea and coffee. It was used by many other southern tribes. The name od the Seminole Chief Osceola means “black drink singer�

Black Hawk – Born in Illinois in 1767 and was a great Indian leader. In the War of 1812, he joined the British.

Black Indians – These were Indians who traded with the Dutch along the Schuylkill River in New York. They were called “Black Indians� because they were of a darker color than the general local Indians. Known around the year 1656

Blacksnake – A chief of the Seneca Indians, born possibly around 1760, although the exact date is not known. He died in 1859

Black Tortoise – This was a tribe of mythical Indians who are supposed to have lived in the Mississippi Valley area. The are supposed to have been driven away by the Elk Indians

Blount Indians – A tribe of Seminole Indians. Formally living along the Apalachicola River in Florida, the were moved to the Chattahoochee River area in Alabama and finally moved to the Polk County area of Texas in 1870

Boalkea – A village of the Pomo in the upper Clear Lake area in California

Boguechito – This was a group of Choctaw Indians that lived in Neshoba County in Mississippi. The name means “big bayou�

Bohnapobatin – This was the name given to the Pomo who lived in the region of Clear Lake, California

Boketawgh – The Powhatan Indian word for fire

Bolbone – A subdivision of the Cholovone living near the San Joaquin River in California

Bosomworth – Mary Bosomworth, a Creek Indian, who was the interpreter for Governor Oglethorpe of Georgia.

Boxelder Indians – A tribe of Shoshoni Indians who formally lived in the northwestern part of Utah

Briertown – A village of the Cherokee, situated along the Nantahala River, Macon County, North Carolina

Broken Arm – A chief of the Winnebago

Brule’ – The Brule’ were a sub-tribe of the Teton, a division of the Dakotas. They were known by Lewis and Clark (1804) as the Tetons of the Burnt Woods. This sub-tribe lives along the Missouri River from the White to the Teton Rivers.

Bruneau Shoshoni – A band of Shoshoni who loves along the Bruneau Creek in southeastern Idaho

Bryson City – Bryson City, North Carolina Yonaguska, a chief of the Cherokee lived there

Bucker Woman’s Town – A village of the Seminole located near Long Swamp in the central part of Florida

Buckongahelas – The head chief of the Deleware Indians who lived in Ohio.

Buli – This was known as the butterfly clan of the Hopi Indians

Bullets Town – Located in Coshocton County in Ohio. This was possibly a Deleware village, located on both sides of the Walhonding River

Busk – Sometimes called Green Corn Dance. This was a celebration done by the Creeks. It was an annual and very solemn affair. The ceremony lasted from four to eight days. Special foods were prepared. A new fire was lit with four logs pointing in the four cardinal points. This was a period of cleaning and forgiveness and gave a new moral and physical life to all. Everything was made new, even clothes.

Buzzard Roost – Two towns of the Creeks known by this name, one along the Flint River in Georgia and the other along the Chattahoochee River west of Atlanta, Georgia

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#4 Appalachian Crone

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Posted 18 October 2006 - 01:38 AM

Caddo – A confederacy of tribes that belonged to the Caddoan linguistic family. Most lived along the Red River in Arkansas, Louisiana, and possibly into Texas.

Cadecha – A tribe of the Timucuan in the Utina confederacy in the middle part of Florida

Cahawba Town – A settlement of Choctaw towns in Perry County alone the Cahawba River in Alabama

Cahiague – A village of the Hurons, located on Lake Ontario

Cahokia – A tribe of the Illinois

Cahokia Mound – A mound located near St. Louis considered to be the largest prehistoric earthwork in the U.S. discovered thus far. It is also known as Monk’s Mound and is 998 feet by 721 feet in width and length and 99 feet high

Cahuilla – A Shoshonean tribe of California

Cajuenche – A tribe of the Yuma that lived in the California area

Caloucha – A tribe located near St. Augustine, Florida

Calumet – Also known as a “peace pipe� and the “war pipe�, however it is actually the STEM of the pipe

Calusa – A tribe living in the southwestern part of Florida and inland Lake Okeechobee.

Campti – A village of the Natchitoches Indians located along the Red River in Louisiana

Canadasaga – A town of the Seneca Indians located near the town of Seneca, New York.

Canajoharie – A village of the Mohawk Indians of New York. Their village was long the banks of the Mohawk River

Canandaigua – Town of the Senecas, located near Canandaigua, New York

Canarsee – One of the thirteen tribes of Indians that lived on Long Island, New York

Caneadea – An old Seneca Village located in Allegany County, New York

Cannetquot – Small group of Indians that loved near Patchogue, Long Island, New York

Canonicus – A Chief of the Narraganset

Canopus – A Chief of the Wappinger Indians

Cantaunkack – A village of the Powhatan Indians of Virginia

Canuga – A ceremonial comb made of bone, used to “scratch� stick ball players.

Cape Breton – A village of the Micmac located on Cape Breton Island north of Nova Scotia

Capola – A Seminole Indian Village

Carlisle School – The first non reservation Indian school established in the U.S. It was located in Carlisle Pennsylvania and opened November 1, 1879

Carolina Tea – A ceremonial drink

Cashaw – a word used for crooked neck squash by many Indians. It was sometimes spelled Kershaw, ecushaw and cushaw

Cashong – A Seneca village

Cassapecock – One of the Powhaten tribes that lived along the York River in Virginia

Castahana – A group of hunters mentioned by Lewis and Clark also known as the “Snake Band� and were closely related to the Arapaho

Casti – A Timuquanan village on the St. John’s River in Florida

Catahecassa – A Chief of the Shawnee born about 1740.

Catatoga – Former Cherokee settlement, meaning “new settlement place� located in Macon County, North Carolina

Catawba – An important eastern Siouan tribe located in South Carolina who were also known as Esaw or river people.

Catfish Lake – A settlement of the Seminole

Cattachiptico – Small village of the Powhatan confederacy of Virginia

Cattaraugus – An Iroquois reservation under the state of New York

Cauwaih – Virginia Indian term for oyster

Cawwaivuh – Powhatan word for bed

Cawwontoll – Powhatan village in Virginia

Cayomulgi – Small town of the Creeks, located along the Coosa River in Alabama

Cayuga – An Iroquoian confederation, one of the five nations of the Iroquois. Lived along the shores of Cayuga Lake in New York

Cayuse – A tribe that lived in Oregon and Washington that belonged to the Waiilatpuan tribe.

Cazazhita – A division of the Dakota Indians under Chief Shonka

Cegiha Sioux – Band of Sioux who lived along the Ohio and Wabash Rivers before moving west

Chafalote – Band of Apache

Chagee – Settlement of the Cherokee near the Tugaloo River in South Carolina

Chagu – division of the Yankton Sioux

Chaizra – Group of the Hopi known as the “Elk Clan�

Chakankni – Band of the Molala

Chakchiuma – Tribe of the Choctaw and Yazoo tribes from Mississippi

Chalawai – A Band of the Atfalati in Oregon

Chamange – Powhatan Indian word for tobacco bag

Chananagi – village of the Upper Creeks in Alabama

Chankaokhan – Tribe of the Hunkpapa, a division of the Teton Sioux

Chankute – Division of the Sisseton Sioux

Chanona – Division of the upper Yankton Sioux

Chanshushka – Division of the Dakota

Chantapeta – A Hunkpapa group, division of the Dakota

Chapant – The Powhatan Indian word for shoe

Chapokele – Band of the Atfalati in Oregon

Chartierstown – Village of the Shawnee

Chatelaw – Chickasaw town in northern Mississippi

Chatoksofki – Town of Upper Creeks in Alabama

Chattooka – A village of Neuse Indians in North Carolina

Chattahoochee – Town of the lower Creeks located along the Chattahoochee River in Georgia

Chattanooga – A Cherokee name foe a point along the Tennessee River

Chaui – Confederacy of the Pawnee in Nebraska

Chaushila – tribe of Mariposan of central California along the Fresno River

Chawakli – town of lower Creeks in Florida

Chawopo – village of the Powhatan Indians in Virginia

Cheawanta – Powhatan word for robin

Chechawkose – Chief of the Potawatomi in Indiana

Cheesoheha – A Cherokee Settlement in South Carolina

Chekilli – Principle Chief of the Creek confederacy in Georgia

Chemehuevi – A tribe of the Shoshone

Cherokee – Tribe of the Iroquoian family.

Cheyenne – Tribe of the Plains group and part of the Algonquian family

Chicago – Name of a Chief of the Illinois Indians

Chickahominy – Tribe of the Powhatan confederacy of Virginia

Chickamauga – Band of Cherokee

Chickasaw – Related to the Choctaw and an important Muskhogean Tribe. One of their main towns was located in near Memphis, Tennessee

Chillicothe – One of the four tribal divisions of the Shawnee in Ohio

Chilocco Indian School – A government Indian school that opened in 1884 in northern Oklahoma

Chinook – A northwestern tribe that lived at the mouth of the Columbia River in Oregon

Chippewa – One of the largest Indian tribes north of Mexico. They lived in the Great Lakes region

Chiricahua – A division of the Apache. Cochise and Geronimo were their best known leaders

Chisro – Clan of the Hopi

Chitola – Clan of the Zuni known as the “Rattlesnake Clan�

Choctaw – One of the most important tribes of the Muskhogean.

Chokatowela – group of the Brule’ Teton Sioux

Chosro – Clan of the Hopi

Chua – Clan of the Hopi

Cibecue – A division of the Western Apache

Clackama – Tribe of Chinook Indians in Oregon

Clan – A clan is a division within a tribe

Cochise – A well known chief of the Apache. He died June 8, 1874

Comanche – A southern branch of the Shoshone groups who lived around Kansas

Confederation – This was a group or political organization of two or more tribes who banded together for offense or defense.

Congaree – A Siouan tribe that lived in South Carolina along the Santee and Wateree River

Cornplanter – A Seneca Chief

Coyotero – Western Apache

Crazy Horse – A Chief of the Oglala Sioux

Cree – A tribe in the Canadian Area that belonged to the Algonquian stock

Creeks – Largest division of the Muskhogean.

Crow – Lived along the Missouri River and moved to the vicinity of the Rocky Mountains. Known as the “bird people�. They are a Siouan Tribe.

Crow Dog – A Chief of the Oglala Sioux

Cucheneppo – Powhatan Indian word for woman

Curly Head – A well known Chief of the Mississippi Chippewa

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#5 Appalachian Crone

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Posted 29 October 2006 - 06:52 AM

Daahl – This was a clan of the Jemez pueblo of New Mexico

Dahnohabe – Village of the Pomo located on Clear Lake in California

Dakota – The largest division on the Siouan family. Commonly known as the Sioux. They used the names of Dakota, Lakota and Nakota.

Dasoak – A clan of the Huron

De – Coyote clan of the Tewa, Tesuque and San Ildefonso of New Mexico

Dekanawida – An Iroquois prophet and statesman who had a large part in founding the five nations. Legend gave him a semi-divine character.

Delaware – One of the most important confederacies of the Algonquian. The English called them Delawares from their river.

Desweronto – A Mohawk chieftain

Destchin – A band of the Ft. Apache, Arizona, Indians who lived about 1881

Didzedig’ozhiih – The bark and roots of this small tree are used by the Navajo for making purple shaded dye. The word is Navajo for “chokecherry”

Didzeh – Navajo for the wild plum

Diegueno – This term applied to Indians living in the area of San Diego, California, including various tribes

Diffusion – A term used to describe the process of the culture of one people spreading into another culture and becoming a part of it.

Digger – Applied to a small tribe of the Paiutes, the only one of this group practicing agriculture. Later is was used for every tribe that used roots as a main part of their diet, and covered a great many western tribes from California to Idaho

Dighton Rock – A large rock eleven feet by five feet, found near the Taunton Rover in Massachusetts. It had one surface covered with problematic inscriptions similar to pictographs

Ditsakana – A division of the Comanche. Also called the Yamparika, because they ate the root of the yampa

Diwozhiibaih – Navaho word for the shrub Chamizo. This plant grows in the mesas and is used for making a light yellow dye

Dl’ oh’ azihih – Navaho for the plant known as Mormon Tea. Used by the Navaho for making a light brown dye

Dogi – A group of Indians who became extinct before 1670. They lived in the Piedmont region of Virginia

Dokis Band – A group of Indians who live in and around the Ontario area. They are Chippewas and mixed with French Blood

Domitilde – Sister of Chief Nissowaquet

Dooesedoowe – Known as the Plover clan of the Iroquois

Doustioni – A tribe that belonged to the Caddo confederacy who loved along the Red River in Louisiana

Ds’ah – Navaho for the basin sagebrush. Used by the Navaho for medicinal purposes and for making light green dye

Dull Knife – A strong Cheyenne Chief who was a signer of a treaty at Fort Laramie in 1868.

Dyami – The eagle clan of the pueblos of Laguna, Acoma, Santa Ana and San Felipe in New Mexico

Dyosyowan – A village of the Seneca meaning “it is oil covered”, located in Erie County, New York

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#6 Appalachian Crone

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Posted 29 November 2006 - 03:13 PM

Eastern Shawnee - This was a division of the Seneca. They formerly lived in Ohio, but later separated and moved to Kansas

Eastman, Charles - a well known physician and author of the Santee Dakota Indians. His father was a Sioux. He graduated from Darmouth in 1887 and worked in the office of Indian Affairs. He wrote several books: "Indian Boyhood", "Red Hunters and the Animal People"

Ebahamo - A tribe that formerly lived along Matagorda Bay in Texas.

Ebita Poocola Chitto - A former Choctaw town located in Mississippi.

Echota - The name of several Cherokee villages. One located in Tennessee, several in Georgia and one in North Carolina

Edisto - A small tribe of Indians, now extinct. They lived in South Carolina

Eeksen - A tribe of the Salish who lived on the east coast of Vancouver Island

Eel River Indians - These Indians were a part of the Miami who lived in Boone County, Indiana

Egan - A settlement of the Algonquian located near current day Quebec

Ehartsar - One of the four divisions on the Crow Indians

Ekaetotan - An ancient home of the Ottawa. Located on Manitoulin Island. This is the Huron name for the island. It was occupied around 1649

Ekoolthat - Meaning "bushes on the hill people". A tribe of the Nootka who formerly lived on the west coast of Vancouver Island

Elakulsi - A settlement of the Cherokee located in Georgia in the northern part

Eliot Bible - The first printing and translation of the bible into an American Indian language

Elks - A group of mythical people who controlled the country from the Mississippi River eastward. This is a story of the Dakota

Ellijay - This was the name of one of several towns of the Cherokee. Located on the Keowee River in South Carolina, Macon County in North Carolina and one located near what is now Maryville, Tennessee

Elothet - A Nootka town located on Vancouver Island. The chief of the town was call Wickaninish

El Penon - A small settlement of the Seminole

Emistesigo - A chief of the Upper Creeks and fought the British in Georgia. Ensenore - Chief of the Wingandacoa of North Carolina

Eolian - A term used to describe sand or silt which has been deposited on surface, such as a grave

Erie - A large tribe of Iroquoian Indians.

Erio - A tribe of the Pomo who lives along the Russian River in Sonoma County in California

Eriwonec - village of the Deleware Indians

Ervipiames - tribe of Indians that lived in the central part of Texas

Escoumains - Band of the Montagnais who lives along the north shore of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec

Esekepkabuk - Band of the Crow Indians

Esksinaitupiks - Division of the Piegan Indians known as "the worm people"

Esquipomgole - A mixture of tobacco and bark, another name for kinnikinnick. The word is Algonquian

Estatoee - A name given to two former settlements of the Cherokee, one located near the junction of the Tallulah Rover and the Chattooga River, in South Carolina. The other one was in the northwestern part of Oconee County in South Carolina.

Etaa - This was the turtle clan of the Zuni Indians of New Mexico

Etchareottine - Tribe of Athapascan Indians who lived in the area of Great Slave Lake in Canada

Etiwaw - Small tribe of the Cusabo group of Indians that lived in South Carolina. The name is Catawba for "pine tree"

Etetulga - Former town of the Seminole Indians in Florida

Etowah Mound - A large mound (about 56 acres) located in Batow County in Georgia. It was built by the Cherokee

Eushtat - The main settlement of the Klamath Indians in Oregon

Evea - Chief of the Comanche Indians. he was chief in 1772

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